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AI for Sustainability

Updated: Feb 7



AI or Artificial Intelligence is a branch of computer science that is concerned with creating intelligent programs  that can carry out tasks that used to be only possible  through human intelligence. Although artificial intelligence is an interdisciplinary science with a variety of approaches, advances in machine learning have created changes in almost every technology sector.

 

What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)?

 

The essence of artificial intelligence is the ability of machines to carry out cognitive functions related to the human mind. This includes the way humans perceive, reason, learn, interact with the environment, solve problems, and even train creativity.

 

You may have interacted with artificial intelligence without realizing it. Voice assistants like Siri and Alexa are based on AI technology. Likewise, several customer service chatbots will have helped you navigate websites.

 

The purposes  for which AI was created

 

After knowing what AI is, you may be curious about the purpose of artificial intelligence and its history. The term artificial intelligence itself was invented in 1956, but AI is now becoming more popular thanks to the need to handle increasing data volumes, and now can use sophisticated algorithms, and increasing computing power to achieve the desired results.

 

AI research in the early 1950s explored topics such as problem solving as well as symbolic methods. In the 1960s, the United States Department of Defense became interested in this type of AI work and began training computers to imitate basic human thinking. But recent advances have taken the capabilities to whole new levels.


Functions and Benefits of Artificial Intelligence in Sustainable Life

 

AI applied to real-world problems has serious implications for the business world. By using Artificial Intelligence, companies have the potential to make business more efficient and profitable.

 

The following are the benefits of AI in everyday life:


1. Agricultural Industry

 

  • Optimizing Automatic Irrigation Systems

AI algorithms enable autonomous crop management. When combined with IoT (Internet of Things) sensors that monitor soil moisture levels and weather conditions, algorithms can decide in real-time how much water to provide to plants. Autonomous crop irrigation systems are designed to save water while promoting sustainable farming practices.

 

  • Detecting Pests

Computer vision can detect the presence of pests or diseases. It works by using AI to scan images for mould, rot, insects, or other threats to plant health. Combined with a warning system, this helps farmers act quickly to eradicate pests or isolate crops to prevent the spread of disease.

 

  • Sorting the Harvest

AI is not only useful for identifying potential problems with plants while they are growing. AI also has a role after the crops are harvested. Most of the sorting process is usually done manually, but AI can sort products more accurately.

 

  • Area Surveillance

Security is an important part of farm management. Farms are a common target for thieves, as it is difficult for farmers to monitor their land around the clock.

 

 


2. Health / Medical

 

Robots for Surgical Operations

Robots with mechanical arms controlled by surgeons to perform complex surgical operations with high precision and greater stability. For example, the da Vinci robot is used for prostate surgery, hysterectomy, and heart surgery.

 

  • Disease Diagnosis

Analyzing x-rays, CT scans, MRIs and other medical images using AI techniques such as machine learning to detect or diagnose disease. For example, diagnosis of lung cancer, heart disease, liver disease, and so on.

 

  • Monitoring the Health of Pregnant Women & Fetus

Monitoring vital signs of pregnant women and foetuses using health monitoring devices installed on pregnant women. Can detect pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia or foetal growth disorders early. Allows timely medical intervention to improve maternal and infant health.

 

  • Providing Health Education

Providing health education tailored to each individual's health profile, interests and learning style. For example, providing diet and exercise advice based on a person's health condition. Or provide education about chronic diseases such as diabetes or hypertension in language and methods that are easy for every individual to understand.

 

  • Medication / Therapy

Treating cancer by changing the DNA of cancer cells or the body's immune system. For example, editing genes to slow the growth of cancer cells or improving the immune system's ability to recognize and kill cancer cells.



3. Business

 

Analyzing Data Quickly

AI is able to sort, analyze and process data in a short time. This capability allows companies to gain a deep understanding of market trends and factors that influence business, thereby enabling more informed and factual data-based decision making.

 

  • Product and Service Innovation

Artificial intelligence functions as a key driver in driving product and service innovation. With in-depth data analysis and a deep understanding of market trends, companies can identify new opportunities to develop innovative products and services. In addition, AI can also contribute to the research and development process, speeding up the time it takes to launch new products to market.

 

  • Enhanced Security

Data and software security aspects are very crucial in business. AI can play an important role in detecting security threats quickly and effectively. AI systems have the ability to recognize suspicious patterns in data and detect potential fraud attempts or cyber-attacks.

 


4. Automotive Industry

 

Anticipate Problems

Artificial intelligence in the automotive industry can directly help car owners. For example, car maintenance used to be preventive or scheduled. Drivers change their oil every 3,000 miles and have their tires rotated every 8,000 miles.

 

  • Enhanced Security

One of the significant advantages of AI in the automotive industry can be seen in improving road safety. AI has enabled several highly efficient safety systems such as lane departure warning (LDW), autonomous emergency braking (AEB), and adaptive cruise control (ACC) to alert drivers of potential dangers, take preventive measures, and avoid fatal accidents.

 

  • Cost savings

The application of AI in the automotive industry is significantly helping to reduce costs in all aspects of operations, from design to manufacturing. By optimizing manufacturing processes, improving supply chains, and identifying potential problems with vehicles, AI can help reduce costs in a variety of ways.

 


5. Education

 

Help organize learning materials

Apart from helping compose questions, AI can also be used to help compose learning materials. Teachers can use AI to help organize interesting and interactive learning materials according to learning objectives.

 

  • Helps explain concepts

The benefit of AI in education is that it helps explain complex concepts. Students can ask AI to explain various concepts in easy-to-understand language and can be asked multiple times to clarify.

 

  • Helps master foreign languages

AI programs are equipped with good language skills. With this ability, students can use AI to learn to master foreign languages, such as translating sentences, speaking, and seeing correct grammar.

 

These are some examples of the benefits of AI in human life, because technology, if used correctly, will bring various benefits to human life.

 

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