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Restoration and Restoring Tourism

Restoration is an important process in an effort to restore damaged or disturbed ecosystems to their natural, balanced condition. This is not just a physical repair but also the restoration of complete ecological function.


In various contexts, restoration can include repairing degraded land, restoring threatened forests, and restoring diminished natural resources. Let's examine in more depth the meaning of restoration and its importance in maintaining ecosystem balance.


Definition of Restoration

Ecosystem restoration is defined as an effort to restore damaged, disturbed or degraded ecosystems to a better and more natural condition. This process involves the restoration of soil, plants and wildlife, as well as the complex interactions between them. Restoration can mean reducing the impact of human activities on the environment, restoring natural conditions, or even creating a new environment that supports life.


Tourism Restoration Goals

The goals of ecosystem restoration include several aspects that are very important in maintaining the sustainability of the natural environment. The following are some of the main objectives of restoration activities:


1. Restoring Ecosystem Balance

The main goal of restoration is to return disturbed or damaged ecosystems to their natural, balanced condition. This involves restoring land, water, air, as well as biodiversity that may be affected by human activities, such as deforestation, land degradation, or pollution.


2. Improving the Quality of Life of Living Creatures

Restoration aims to create an environment that supports the life of plants, animals and microorganisms. Through replanting native vegetation, creating habitats, and restoring ecosystems, the goal is to provide adequate conditions for various species to live and reproduce.


3. Tackling Climate Change

Ecosystem restoration plays an important role in absorbing carbon dioxide from the air. For example, forest restoration helps in absorbing CO2 and reducing the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. The goal is to reduce the impact of climate change by restoring an environment that can absorb and store carbon.


4. Improving Human Welfare

Restoration also has direct benefits for humans. By maintaining a healthy ecosystem, we can ensure the availability of natural resources that are important for human life, such as clean water, fresh air and abundant harvests.


In addition, restoration also creates economic opportunities through ecological tourism and sustainable use of natural resources.


5. Building Environmental Resilience

Restoration also aims to increase environmental resilience to natural disasters such as floods, landslides and drought. By restoring ecosystem function, we can reduce the risk of adverse impacts from extreme natural phenomena.


6. Create Environmental Awareness

Ecosystem restoration also has an important role in increasing awareness and understanding of the importance of protecting the natural environment. Through participation in restoration projects, communities become more involved and concerned about the sustainability of the environment around them.


7. Maintaining Traditional Life and Local Culture

Restoration also pays attention to cultural and traditional values related to the environment. In some cases, restoration practices involve local knowledge passed down through generations in caring for certain ecosystems, thereby helping to preserve local wisdom and cultural heritage. These goals provide a strong foundation for the importance of ecosystem restoration in maintaining natural balance and human welfare. With a deeper understanding of these goals, restoration efforts can be carried out more effectively and sustainably.


Ecosystem restoration is carried out through various methods, ranging from tree replanting, wetland rehabilitation, to erosion control. These methods often involve collaboration between ecologists, environmental experts and local communities.


Restoration has a significant impact on the environment and people. Wetland restoration, for example, can help reduce flooding and improve water quality, while forest restoration can reduce carbon emissions and increase biodiversity.


Apart from that, restoration also creates economic opportunities through ecotourism and sustainable use of natural resources.

Tourism Trends

Tourism trends are now emerging as a result of the adaptation process to the Covid-19 pandemic. Restrictions on social mobility and maintaining physical distance have given rise to work culture patterns that increasingly rely on digital technology. Workers can complete work without being stuck in one place at one time so they can do it while traveling.


The change in the concept of work by combining elements of vacation with work (workcation) is an evolution of the combination of business travel and tourism (bleisure). Bleisure is a travel concept before the pandemic, namely linking foreign tourists with organizing MICE at tourist destinations. The changing trend from leisure to workcation is expected to increase the length of stay of foreign tourists so that their expenses will also be greater.


Thus, tourism development which was previously more quantity oriented (mass tourism) shifted to quality tourism. In the future, tourism development is directed at increasing the length of stay and tourist expenditure by increasing accessibility, attractions and amenities (supporting facilities). This is in line with the new tourism trend which prioritizes basic competitiveness, unique experience, high value and sustainability.


The United States travel company, Expedia, estimates that in the future the main driving factor for travel decisions will be good quality related to mindfulness, sensation-seeking, culture immersion, or quality accommodation/travel arrangements. Tourist travel is aimed at carrying out activities that provide peace, happiness and pleasure, including in less conventional ways.


Tourists also want to experience new cultures, culinary delights, languages, and travel to underrated places. Tourists also want to connect with nature and travel unplugged (not connected to gadgets) so that activities such as camping, ecotourism and glamping (camping in a luxurious way) will remain popular.


Seeing this trend, tourism actors must adapt their business to survive amidst the current global uncertainty. Support from the government is really needed, especially regarding policies and regulations, as well as providing various incentives and stimuli for tourism actors. In this way, the hope that the tourism sector can contribute significantly to encouraging economic growth, creating job opportunities and improving income distribution in a sustainable manner can be realized.

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