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The Importance of Historical and Educational Tourism

Updated: Jul 1

The tourism industry in Indonesia is again growing rapidly, offering a wide choice of attractive destinations. And now international tourists are increasingly interested in exploring the rich history of the country.


Historical tourism, such as that which can be found in the Old City of Jakarta, the Old City of Semarang, the temples of Bali, Yogyakarta and Solo and many other destinations, not only provides visual entertainment, but also provides a number of positive benefits for those who follow these historical trails.


  • Improve Understanding of Local History


Historical tourism provides an opportunity for tourists to better understand the local history of the places they visit. Through tour guides or information provided at the site, visitors can find out the historical background, important events and changes that occurred in the past. This helps increase their understanding of the history of the area.


  • Preserving Cultural Heritage


By visiting historical places, visitors participate in efforts to preserve cultural heritage. Historical tourist destinations often become a place to preserve historical buildings, artifacts and local traditions. Through visits and participation, tourists indirectly support the preservation and maintenance of existing cultural treasures.

  • Encourage Sustainable Tourism


The development of historical tourist destinations often involves local communities in preservation and development efforts. By supporting historical tourism, visitors help encourage sustainable tourism that focuses on environmental, social and economic sustainability. This creates a long-term positive impact on local communities and the surrounding environment.


  • Increase a sense of local pride and identity


Historical tourism can also make a big contribution in generating a sense of local pride and identity. Through exploring historical heritage, local people and visitors can experience the rich culture of an area. This creates a sense of belonging to local history and identity, which in turn can strengthen togetherness and shared pride.


  • Experience an enjoyable learning experience


Historical tourism not only provides dry historical information, but also provides a fun learning experience. Activities such as walking among historical buildings, taking an interactive guided tour, or attending a cultural performance, make the learning process more fun and interactive. Through exploring historical tourist destinations in Indonesia, we not only get a different holiday experience, but also make a positive contribution to the preservation of cultural heritage and the development of sustainable tourism.


So, enjoying historical themed tourist walks is not just entertainment, but is also an investment in preserving and appreciating the rich culture of the country.


Indonesia is one of the countries with the best tourist destinations in the world. Our country has many cultures and holds a variety of natural riches. By having many cultures, of course Indonesia is not only popular as a tourist destination for its natural wealth, but also as historical tourist destinations which reflect interesting events that occurred in the past. These various historical tourist attractions in Indonesia take place in a number of areas along the Indonesian archipelago, which can be explored from prehistoric times to the colonial period.


The following are quite unknown historical tourist destinations in Indonesia that warrant a visit:


1. Lawang Ombo, Lasem (Central Java)

In one of the alleys in Lasem, Rembang, there is a unique house with ancient Chinese architecture. From the front, this house is closed off by a large wall that separates it from the village road. When you enter these walls, there is a large courtyard and an ancient house in the middle.


This house is known as Lawang Ombo by the local community. It is said that Lawang Ombo was built at the end of the 18th century. The owner was a low-ranking official from China named Lim Cui Soon. Until now, his grave is in one part of the main courtyard which is located next to the building.


Inside the Lawang Ombo building, there is an old well with a diameter of less than 1 meter. It is said that at the bottom of this well there is a tunnel that connects the house to Lasem Harbor. Records indicate the tunnel was purposely built to smuggle opium.


From Lasem Harbor, opium that comes from abroad is smuggled in Lawang Ombo first before being distributed to various places on the island of Java.


2.Fort Wilem, Ambarawa (Central Java)

Fort Willem I or Fort Pendem Ambarawa is a historical tourist destination in Central Java which is a legacy of the Dutch colonial government. The origin of the name Fort Willem I is taken from the name of Willem Frederik Prins Vans Oranje-Nassau (1815-1840) as a tribute to the King of the Netherlands at that time.


The reason for the location of Fort Willem I in Ambarawa was because it was located on the connecting route to Semarang which was the most important defense point. Apart from that, Ambarawa was a gathering point for troops if the entire coastal area had fallen into enemy hands and a starting point for launching a counterattack.


3.Lokananta, Solo (Central Java)

Lokananta is a gallery that tells the story of the history of music and the recording industry in Indonesia. Previously, when it was still actively operating, Lokananta was a famous and historic vinyl record factory and recording company in Indonesia.

Then, in 2022, a revitalization program will begin for Lokananta as a tourist destination in Solo. Even though it is about music, the Lokananta Gallery can still be enjoyed by non-music lovers.


Lokananta also provides a food and beverages area located at the front and back of Lokananta. There visitors can find various choices of food and drink menus from local MSMEs that can be enjoyed after visiting the gallery.


For this food area, reservations are not required. Visitors who do not visit the Lokananta Gallery, but only want to eat in this area are very welcome. Opening hours are 10.00-22.00 WIB.


4. Kayutangan Village, Malang (East Java)

Kayutangan Heritage Village offers tours of old and historic buildings from the Dutch colonial era. In Kayutangan Heritage Village there are buildings and items that are hundreds of years old.


Kayutangan Heritage Village is culture-based by presenting the authenticity of the village along with all the historical, building, culinary and social cultural heritage of its people. Tourism of old and historic buildings is one of the characteristics of strengthening the heritage label it carries. Currently Kayutangan Village has 23 house spots with heritage nuances.


5. Bosscha Observatory, Bandung (West Java)

The Bosscha Observatory or what was previously known as Bosscha Sterrenwacht was built at the initiation of Karel Albert Rudolf  Bosscha. Bosscha was assisted by his nephew, R.A. Kerkhoven and a Dutch East Indies astronomer, Joan George Erardus Gijsbertus Voûte, brought together interested parties to form an association that would realize the idea of building an observatory.


Visiting this place provides an experience of observing the night sky and also getting to know the Bosscha Observatory. This evening visit invites visitors to observe celestial objects using a telescope guided by astronomer staff from the Bosscha Observatory.

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