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19th August: World Humanitarian Day

Humanity is about building each other up for good


HUMANITY is about the values ​​held by humans in relation to their relationships with fellow humans, such as tolerance, compassion, love, mutual assistance, cooperation, prioritizing the public interest, and many others. All these values ​​are between humans.


Humanity is a trait that every human being on this earth should have. Human nature must be maintained properly in order to create a peaceful atmosphere in the world.


Even though humanity is an attitude that all humans must have, sometimes there are still people who lose their humanity. Starting from a small example, when someone hits another person who is completely innocent. Surely the person who hit this person knows what it feels like to be hit even though he is completely innocent, but he still hits other people like that.


Apart from the small examples mentioned above, there are many bigger humanitarian issues. For example, the humanitarian issue that has been widely discussed recently is what is happening in Palestine. In early May, the Al-Aqsa Mosque was attacked. In fact, the mosque is a place where Palestinian Muslims usually gather after breaking the fast in the month of Ramadan. Therefore, of course many innocent people became victims of this attack.


Humans are born with inherent human rights whenever and wherever they are. The existence of human rights does not look at differences in race, ideology, or religion or belief held.


Crimes against Humanity


The concept of human rights or human rights emerged as an important world issue along with the development of human awareness to recognize, respect and realize human beings as whole and sovereign.


Crimes against humanity are known as crimes against humanity or CAH. The concept of crimes against humanity first emerged after World War II. Crimes against humanity are acts that refer to mass murder with torture of people's bodies as a crime of attack against other people.


Crimes against humanity are usually committed against one's own citizens or foreign nationals. It can be done by the government against its own people or by enemies against the people.


The crimes against humanity in question are:


  • Murder. Annihilation.

  • Slavery.

  • Forcible expulsion or transfer of residents.

  • Deprivation of liberty or other arbitrary deprivation of physical freedom that violates the basic provisions of international law. Torture.

  • Rape, sexual slavery, forced prostitution, forced pregnancy, forced sterilization, and other similar forms of sexual violence.

  • Persecution of a particular group or association based on similarities in political views, race, nationality, ethnicity, culture, religion, gender, or other reasons that have been universally recognized as prohibited according to international law.

  • Forced disappearance of people.



Examples of Crimes against Humanity cases:



1. Case of East Timor: The East Timor crisis occurred in 1999 which began with anti-independence militant attacks on civilians. The tragedy spread into riots throughout East Timor and centered in the capital Dili. Riots erupted after the majority of East Timorese referendum voters voted for independence from Indonesia. This riot killed around 1400 residents.


2. Mysterious shootings 1981-1985 This "death sentence" of recidivists, bromocorah, gali, thugs without going through court is known as the "mysterious shooting" which occurred throughout 1981-1985. The suspicion that this was Suharto's policy was seen as clearly visible in the speech.


3. Crimes of Apartheid in South Africa: The British controlled the Cape of Good Hope by bringing their own people with them in 1795. The rights of the majority or blacks were limited by the supremacy of the minority or whites who had strong power. The strong influence of whites due to economic inequality means that whites enjoy luxurious facilities in South Africa. Meanwhile, black people are below the poverty line.


World Humanitarian Day


On 19th August 2003, a bomb attack on the Canal Hotel in Baghdad, Iraq, killed 22 humanitarian aid workers, including the Special Representative of the UN Secretary General for Iraq, Sergio Vieira de Mello. Five years later, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution designating 19th August as World Humanitarian Day (WHD).


Each year, WHD focuses on a theme, bringing together partners from across the humanitarian system to advocate for the survival, well-being and dignity of people affected by crises, as well as the safety and security of aid workers.


For this year's WHD, we demonstrated the importance, effectiveness, and positive impact of humanitarian work.


Providing Humanitarian Assistance


One of the goals of the UN, as stated in its Charter, is "to achieve international cooperation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural or humanitarian nature." The UN first did this after the Second World War on the devastated continent of Europe, which it then helped rebuild. The organization is now relied upon by the international community to coordinate humanitarian relief operations resulting from natural and man-made disasters in areas that national authorities cannot handle.

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