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26th July: World Mangrove Day



Save mangroves. Save the future.

 

Mangroves are tropical trees that thrive in intolerable conditions with most of the wood is salty, coastal waters and endless tides. Thanks to their ability to store large amounts of carbon, mangroves are a key weapon in the fight against climate change but are threatened worldwide. By protecting mangrove forests, we can help protect the future of our planet.

 

Functions of Mangrove Forests

Mangrove forests have many important functions for the environment and society. The following are some of the functions of mangrove forests:

 

1. Protects coastlines 

 

Mangrove forests serve as a natural barrier against storms and floods, protecting coastlines from erosion and helping to reduce the impact of natural disasters.

 

2. Habitat for plants and animals 

 

Mangrove forests provide habitat for many types of plants and animals, including fish, birds, and crustaceans. Mangrove forests are also an important place for animal migration and reproduction.

 

3. Carbon storage

 

Mangrove forests absorb and store large amounts of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, thus playing an important role in global carbon storage.

 

4. Source of food and fuel 

 

Mangrove forests are a source of food and fuel for local communities, including fish, shellfish, and firewood.

 

5. Absorb pollutants

 

Mangrove forests can also absorb pollutants from sea water, such as heavy metals and other chemicals, thereby helping maintain sea water quality.

 

6. Economic income

 

Mangrove forests can also generate economic income for local communities, such as through tourism, fishing, and timber use.

 

Benefits of Mangrove Forests

Mangrove forests have very important benefits. Here are some of the benefits of mangrove forests:

 

  • Coastal protection

 

Mangrove forests function as a natural fortress that protects the coast from erosion and large wave attacks. The strong roots of mangroves help maintain the stability of the soil around the coastline.

 

  • Flood control

 

Mangrove forests play a role in absorbing water and slowing the flow of tidal waters, so they can help reduce the risk of flooding in coastal areas.

 

 

  • Water filtration

 

Mangrove roots and plants function as natural filters, helping to filter waste and pollutants from the water that flows through the mangrove forest ecosystem before it reaches the ocean.

 

  • Carbon storage

 

Mangrove forests are an ecosystem that is very efficient in storing carbon. Mangrove plants can absorb and store large amounts of carbon, help reduce greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere and play a role in mitigating climate change.

 

  • Biodiversity

 

Mangrove forests are home to various unique plant and animal species. Mangrove ecosystems provide important habitat for various types of birds, fish, crabs, and other organisms. It also contributes to global biodiversity.

 

  • Providing livelihood

 

Mangrove forests provide a source of livelihood for local communities, such as fishermen, salt farmers and shellfish collectors. Mangroves also have the potential for ecotourism development, which can provide economic opportunities for local communities.

 

  • Provision of wood and fuel

Mangrove wood, which is strong and water-resistant, is often used as construction material, furniture making and wood fuel by local communities.

 

World Mangrove Day

 

MANGROVE plays an important role in providing food sources for fisheries, protecting coasts, absorbing carbon, and reducing waves and global warming. Compared with tropical forests, mangrove forests cover only one percent of the area.

 

Today, 26th July, has been designated by UNESCO as an international day for the conservation of mangrove ecosystems, World Mangrove Day.

 

Mangrove Day was coined in the document "Proclamation of the International Day for the Conservation of the Mangrove Ecosystem" November 2015.

 

Efforts to restore this ecosystem continue to be encouraged by carrying out restoration, rehabilitation, protection, and management of the mangrove ecosystem. This is important as a commitment to support the livelihoods of coastal communities, sustainable fisheries, resilience to the impacts of climate change and absorption of CO2 in the atmosphere.

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