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4th December: Wildlife Conservation Day



Wildlife is our friend


Protecting wildlife is essential to maintaining the balance of nature and preserving the environment for future generations. Every species on the planet plays an important role as part of the natural cycle of life, so we must take action to conserve our wildlife. Let's take a look at the benefits of protecting wildlife, the impact of human activities on wildlife, and various options for preserving wildlife.


The scarcity and extinction of various species have a big impact on human survival. Departing from this condition, it is necessary to have a concept or effort to continue to preserve natural wealth. This effort applies the concept of mutualism between humans and nature, which is then known as conservation.


Benefits of Protecting Wildlife


Wildlife conservation offers many benefits to humans and animal species. By preserving habitat, animals can live in their natural environment, remain wild and thrive. This ensures that species that play an important role in the ecosystem can continue to do so. Preserving these habitats also helps protect the planet's biodiversity and can even increase the amount of oxygen in the air and filter air pollutants.


Preserving and restoring habitats will also benefit humans. Wildlife is a source of ecotourism that attracts visitors from all over the world who are interested in seeing these species in their natural habitat. This influx of visitors helps boost the local economy by providing jobs, such as guiding and hotel services. Conserving wildlife also helps control soil erosion and keep water clean. This is because healthy habitats and ecosystems filter pollutants and reduce water runoff.


Impact of Human Activities


As the human population grows, our impact on the environment and wildlife becomes increasingly significant. Land development for housing and industry, air and water pollution, and overharvesting of natural resources have had a detrimental impact on many wildlife species. The destruction or modification of habitats such as forests, wetlands and grasslands is one of the most destructive impacts of human activities. This has led to widespread displacement, where species are unable to survive in their new environments or lose access to important resources.


Additionally, human activities such as poaching, poaching and illegal logging can cause great suffering and harm to many species. This is especially true for animals that are highly sought after by poachers or damaged in other ways by humans such as through chemicals or habitat alteration. All of these activities have contributed greatly to the decline in populations of many species worldwide.


Wildlife Conservation Options


There are several different ways to conserve wildlife. One way is through habitat restoration. This means returning previously disturbed or damaged habitats to their natural state or creating new habitats to support wildlife.


Protection zones or sanctuaries can also be established to provide a safe environment where wildlife can live free from human activity or exploitation. Other options include captive-breeding programs to help increase the species' numbers, reintroduction of wildlife to their natural habitats after conservation efforts stabilize the environment, and enforcing regulations such as hunting restrictions.


Long Term Impact


Wildlife conservation can have a long-term positive impact on the Earth's biodiversity and environment. By preserving habitats and protecting endangered species, we enable these species to thrive in their own environments and contribute to the natural cycle of life in our planet's fragile ecosystem. Conservation efforts will also help preserve the beauty of our planet for future generations and ensure that humans and animals can continue to enjoy its beauty and resources for centuries to come.


History of World Wildlife Conservation Day


On 8th November 2012, Hillary Clinton, then Secretary of State, issued a call to raise awareness and involve conservationists and wildlife enthusiasts in commemoration of World Wildlife Conservation Day. She also presented the White House's strategy to address the problem of global wildlife trade.


However, it is unfortunate that even today, the illegal trade of endangered species on the black market continues to increase. Although efforts have been made by governments around the world and some have succeeded in stopping this action, not all types of wildlife are spared from the threat of poachers and illegal trade.


The impact is not only limited to wildlife itself, but also affects the lives of millions of people living in or near forest areas in various parts of the world. Therefore, there needs to be joint action and cooperation to safeguard and protect wild animals so that their sustainability can be guaranteed.

In response to Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's proposal to encourage conservationists to raise awareness regarding wildlife conservation, 4th December was declared World Wildlife Conservation Day.

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